Urologic Pelvic Pain Syndrome
What are Varicoceles?
Varicocele is the abnormal enlargement of veins in the scortum. These veins are called the pampiniform plexus. The scortum is the loose bag that holds the testicles. It also contain arteries and veins to deliver blood to the reproductive glands. Varicocele is very similar to varicose vein that occur in leg. Most of the vaicoceles occur on the left side because of the position of the left testicle veins. If it occurs on both the sides it is called Bilateral Varicoceles. Varicoceles are generally acquire during puberty.
In many cases varicoceles are directly associated with infertility causing low sperm production and decreased sperm quality. Varicoceles also may cause shrinking of testicles. Most of the varicoceles don't need treatment, however, if symptoms persist, it can be repaired by surgery.
Who is at Risk of Getting a Varicocele?
Approximately 15% of general male population have varicocele.
The percentage increases to 40% in infertile men.
The chances of developing varicocele are higher in the age group 15-35 yrs.
What are the symptoms of Varicocele?
You may or may not notice varicoceles as it often produces no signs or symptoms. You might experience -
Lump in one of your testicle (mostly left side)
Dull discomfort to very sharp pain in your scortum
You may notice your scortum is looking like a bag of worms because of the enlarged veins.