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What are uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are abnormal muscular growth which is seen on the inner wall of the womb (uterus). Uterine fibroids are also called as ‘leiomyoma’ or ‘myoma’ and ‘fibromyomas’.

Most of the times, such fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) in nature. Uterine fibroids develop as a single tumor, or they can by multiple in numbers and vary in size as well. These mainly develop during the childbearing years. Uterine fibroids are not associated with causing cancer. Around 75% of women discover uterine fibroids at one point of time in their life. As these may not show any symptoms, the fibroids are mostly detected during a routine pelvic exam or prenatal ultrasound.

Generally, uterine fibroids cause no discomfort and may not even require treatment. Advanced medical and surgical procedures are helpful in reducing the size and removing the fibroids completely in case discomforting symptoms are noticed. In case the uterine fibroids result in a sharp pelvic pain or excessive menstrual bleeding, then immediate treatment is highly advised.

There are several advanced and ultra-modern hospitals and healthcare centers in India today. There is a plethora of highly-experienced and well-trained doctors, surgeons and medical experts in India which makes it ideal for getting treatment for uterine fibroids.

What are uterine fibroid tumors?

Uterine fibroid tumors are present in as many as 80% of women, according to extensive research studies. Uterine fibroids are found to be dependent heavily on estrogen. Uterine fibroids are never seen developing before the menstrual cycle begins as the estrogen level is steadily increased in the body after this. While pregnant, women experience faster growth of uterine fibroid tumors due to extra estrogen production. Women with uterine fibroid tumors discover that the fibroids have shrunk in size or disappeared altogether after menopause, as estrogen production stops in the body after this.

Fibroid tumors are the most common type of solid tumors found developing in the pelvis in women. Treatment is required in the uterine fibroids exhibit discomforting and painful symptoms before menopause.

The most common symptoms that indicate to the growth of uterine fibroids in women are:

  • Menorrhagia (excessive uterine bleeding for longer than 7 days)

  • Constant pelvic pressure (as experienced in pregnancy when the uterus gets enlarged)

Iron deficiency and anemia may be caused due to the xcessive uterine bleeding. Apart from this, the women affected with uterine fibroids also experience:

  • Bowel and urination problems

  • Dyspareunia (painful sexual intercourse)

There are several renowned hospitals in major Indian cities, such as Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, etc where efficient uterine fibroid tumor treatment is performed with excellent and highly successful results.

What causes uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids can be caused due to abnormal growth of muscular cell in the inner wall (myometrium) of the uterus. The fibroid is made from muscular and fibrous tissue. Gene mutations have been discovered lately to cause the cells to grow at an abnormal rate.

Other suspected causes of uterine fibroids may be environmental. Apart from this, hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone which are responsible for preparing the inner uterine wall tissue for the onset of pregnancy, are also suspected to help the growth of fibroids.

It is important to remember that uterine fibroids have not been discovered to become malignant in latter stages, but stay benign.

What complications are seen due to uterine fibroids?

Generally, uterine fibroids are not a cause for concern in most cases. However, in some cases, these can grow to significant size and cause discomforting signs to appear. Anemia – blood loss – is one of the complications caused by abnormally large uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids grow on a stalk-like projection out of the uterine wall. In case the stalk gets twisted, the patient feels a sudden and sharp pain in the lower abdomen. In such cases, it is advised to seek urgent medical attention, which may also involve surgery.

Complications caused by uterine fibroids can also affect fertility. Several studies have shown that uterine fibroids are responsible for infertility in around 1% to 2.4% of women affected by it. Large-sized fibroids can likely affect fertility by damaging the uterine lining, obstructing the Fallopian tubes, distorting the uterine cavity shape and by shifting the position of the cervix which prevents the sperm to reach the uterus.
Smaller-sized uterine fibroids are also likely to cause problems when a woman is trying to conceive using assistive reproduction techniques.

Uterine fibroids may also cause problems with the pregnancy. Even though fibroids in the uterus might not affect conception of pregnancy, they can often block or distort the Fallopian tubes and prevent the sperm from reaching the uterus from the cervix.

Sub-mucosal fibroids may also prevent the implantation or growth of an embryo. UTI (urinary tract infection) may be caused when the fibroid presses against the bladder. In case the fibroid presses against the ureters and cause blockage of urine, then it may also lead to renal damage.

What is the treatment for uterine fibroid surgery?

Uterine fibroids are a common enough development and affects almost 1 out of every 5 woman, especially in their childhood years. These may range in size from coin-sized to bigger than a melon.

Surgical treatment is often not advised in case no significant symptoms are being experienced by the patient. However, in case the woman feels the discomforting signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids, then the doctor may advise a surgical treatment.

Uterine fibroids treatment surgery is performed in India by well-trained and highly-experienced urologists and surgeons. This ensures that each patient gets the best treatment experience. These surgical treatments have a significantly higher rate of success.

With advanced medical and surgical technology, doctors in India are able to perform uterine fibroid removal surgery using minimally invasive surgical techniques, such as laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, open myomectomy and uterine fibroid embolisation.

Fibroid Surgery in India

Uterine fibroids are common. As many as 1 in 5 women may have fibroids during their childbearing years. Fibroids range in size from very small (coin sized) to larger than a melon. If you are experiencing no or mild symptoms surgery is not required as fibroids are harmless without any symptoms. But if you are facing various symptoms and problems like pain, heavy bleeding, urination problem etc then fibroid surgery in India is your best and most affordable option. We at UroCare India have been arranging fibroid surgery in India for international patients at top hospitals and clinics in India. Our associated clinics tailor the care of our patients according to the individual needs of our patients. It is run by Specialist Gynaecologist and an Interventional Radiologist. We offer minimal invasive procedures like Laparoscopic, Hysteroscopic, Uterine fibroid Embolisation and Open myomectomy and all these at a package that you will find nowhere else.

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