It is important to realize that with timely diagnosis, testicular cancer is highly treatable and usually curable. The following information addresses the most common questions about testicular tumors and serves as a supplement to the discussion that you have with your physician.
Testicular cancer surgery in India is provided with best medical services, high quality equipment and modern technology by competent medical professionals. India has got the specialist in around the world and in India as well and also has got the world eminent doctors and hospitals where all the services are provided to the patients. India harnessed its vast pool of skilled doctors and nurses along with access to the most modern medical technology at par with the best in the world and India enjoys the advantage of a skilled medical workforce fluent in English. All medical procedures including hospitalization and recovery costs much less as compared to America and Europe. Hospitals providing testicular cancer surgery in India adhere to global quality standards for treatment and surgery.
What happens under normal conditions?
The testicle is an egg-shaped structure with a firm, slightly spongy feel. At the top and outside edge is a separate rubbery tube-like structure, the epididymis, where sperm mature before eventually being ejaculated from the body. The consistency of the testicle should be uniform. The size of the testicles should be roughly the same.
What are the symptoms of a testicular tumor?
Until proven otherwise, any lump or firm area within the testicle should be considered a potential tumor. Of the many men who eventually hear a diagnosis of testicular cancer, 50 percent have complained of painless swelling or enlargement of the testicle. Another 25 percent to 50 percent may have pain or tenderness. Patients may also report a dull ache in association with the lump.
Unfortunately, it is common for men to delay reporting these symptoms (up to an average of 5 months). Since the tumor can spread during that time, it is important to contact a urologist immediately when you have a symptom.
The urologist may call for an ultrasound, a simple non-invasive radiologic procedure, to confirm any suspicious lump. In addition, he/she will probably ask for a blood sample to check for tumor markers, proteins produced by most testicular malignancies that show up if cancer is present.
What are the stages of testicular cancer?
Stage 1: Cancer is found only in the testicle (testis).
Stage 2: Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the abdomen
Stage 3: Cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes in the abdomen. There may be cancer in parts of the body far away from the testicles, such as the lungs and liver.