A nephrectomy is a surgical procedure for the removal of a kidney or section of a kidney.
Nephrectomy, or kidney removal, is performed on patients with severe kidney damage from disease, injury, or congenital conditions. These include cancer of the kidney (renal cell carcinoma); polycystic kidney disease (a disease in which cysts, or sac-like structures, displace healthy kidney tissue); and serious kidney infections. It is also used to remove a healthy kidney from a donor for the purposes of kidney transplantation.
Prior to surgery, blood samples will be taken from the patient to type and crossmatch in case transfusion is required during surgery. A catheter will also be inserted into the patient's bladder. The surgical procedure will be described to the patient, along with the possible risks.
Nephrectomy patients may experience considerable discomfort in the area of the incision. Patients may also experience numbness, caused by severed nerves, near or on the incision. Pain relievers are administered following the surgical procedure and during the recovery period on an as-needed basis. Although deep breathing and coughing may be painful due to the proximity of the incision to the diaphragm, breathing exercises are encouraged to prevent pneumonia. Patients should not drive an automobile for a minimum of two weeks.
Possible complications of a nephrectomy procedure include infection, bleeding (hemorrhage), and post-operative pneumonia. There is also the risk of kidney failure in a patient with impaired function or disease in the remaining kidney.
Normal results of a nephrectomy are dependent on the purpose of the procedure and the type of nephrectomy performed. Immediately following the procedure, it is normal for patients to experience pain near the incision site, particularly when coughing or breathing deeply. Renal function of the patient is monitored carefully after surgery. If the remaining kidney is healthy, it will increase its functioning over time to compensate for the loss of the removed kidney.
Length of hospitalization depends on the type of nephrectomy procedure. Patients who have undergone a laparoscopic radical nephrectomy may be discharged two to four days after surgery. Traditional open nephrectomy patients are typically hospitalized for about a week. Recovery time will also vary, on average from three to six weeks.
Because the kidney is responsible for filtering wastes and fluid from the bloodstream, kidney function is critical to life. Nephrectomy candidates diagnosed with serious kidney disease, cancer, or infection usually have few treatment choices aside from this procedure. However, if kidney function is lost in the remaining kidney, the patient will require chronic dialysis treatments or transplantation of a healthy kidney to sustain life.
Nephrectomy Surgery in India
Medical tourism offers laparoscopic nephrectomy in India at health care centers of Delhi, Kerala and Goa. Visit India for some of the best medical treatments in complete comfort and privacy. and total peace of mind! In the field of medical travel and tourism, medical tourism offers our clients the most affordable range of medical treatments, with extremely competent, highly respected Indian medical specialists. Along with this, we also offer our patients to rest and recuperate in one of the worlds most sought after & beautiful beach side city. India has fast emerged as a desirable destination for medical tourism. Indian private medical centers excel in all medical treatments and a large number of foreign patients are visiting India for laparoscopic nephrectomy surgery.
Laparoscopic nephrectomy uses a minimally invasive approach (laparoscopy) to perform exactly the same procedure that is done in open radical nephrectomy. In any radical nephrectomy (open or laparoscopic) the entire kidney including the kidney cancer is removed. The operation involves removal of the kidney along with the fat around the kidney. All of this tissue is contained in a leathery layer known as Gerota's fascia. If the kidney cancer is quite large and near the adrenal gland which is adjacent to the kidney, the operation can include removal of the adrenal gland as well. The operation also often includes removal of the lymph nodes which are around the kidney. The laparoscopic approach to partial nephrectomy means that no large incisions are required to perform the procedure. Instead of a large incision, three or four 1/2 cm to 1 cm incisions (less than 1/2 inch) are made. The spaces in the body are gently filled with gas to make working space and a small camera is placed into the body through one of the incisions. The other small incisions are used to place working instruments which can be used to perform the procedure.
Welcome to the India tourism & medical treatment in India for laparoscopic nephrectomy. India is one of the best place for the medical treatment or any other health care in India. Every year thousand of visitors are coming to India from around the world just for the medical check up and other type of surgery one of the best option to go for your treatment in India and have a India tour as well. In the same cost you can visit India and you can get your medical treatment done. medical tourism India brings this choice for you. For more details about laparoscopic nephrectomy in India